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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Monitoring inter-group encounters in wilderness found in the catalog.

Monitoring inter-group encounters in wilderness

Alan E. Watson

Monitoring inter-group encounters in wilderness

by Alan E. Watson

  • 82 Want to read
  • 17 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station in [Fort Collins, CO] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Wilderness area users -- Washington (State),
  • Forest reserves -- Recreational use.,
  • Recreation areas -- Public use -- Washington (State)

  • About the Edition

    Many managers face the challenge of monitoring rates of visitor encounters in wilderness. This study (1) provides estimates of encounter rates through use of several monitoring methods, (2) determines the relationship between the various measures of encounter rates, and (3) determines the relationship between various indirect predictors of encounter rates and actual encounter rates. Exit surveys, trip diaries, wilderness ranger observations, trained observers, mechanical counters, trailhead count observations, and parking lot vehicle counts were used to develop better understanding of the relationship between these various monitoring methods. The monitoring methods were tested at Alpine Lakes Wilderness in Washington. Encounter rates differed dramatically from weekdays to weekend days at high-use places studied. Estimates of encounter rates also varied substantially across methods used. Rather than conclude what method is best, this report seeks to help the manager decide which method is most appropriate for use in a particular wilderness, given the issues being addressed. It should also help alleviate some of the problems managers have in prescribing monitoring systems, by forcing more precise definition of indicators.

    Edition Notes

    Other titlesMonitoring inter group encounters in wilderness.
    StatementAlan E. Watson, Rich Cronn and Neal A. Christensen.
    SeriesResearch paper RMRS -- RP-14.
    ContributionsCronn, Rich., Christensen, Neal A., Rocky Mountain Research Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination20 p. :
    Number of Pages20
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16007487M

    Torah book of Leviticus, chap and Talmud book of Yoma justify scapegoating, a Judeocentric way of removing guilt. Jews sacrificed one goat to God on atonement day. They placed all their sins on another goat and sent it into the wilderness. Judeocentrics scapegoat their victims in the media. Inter-group relations - South African perspective, Pegasus Descending - A Book of the Best Bad Verse, James Camp, X. J. Kennedy, Keith Waldrop In the Wilderness, Robert Hichens.

      The war’s major fighting ended with an armistice signed on J between North Korea and its foes, South Korea and the United Nations. Over the plus years, numerous border battles, clashes, incidents, espionage thrillers, assassination attempts, and terrorist acts have occurred between North and South Korea, often involving. Constructions of “wilderness” shaped interactions with the physical world in Renaissance Italy. The book's inherent interdisciplinarity combines the fields of history, economic geography, archaeology, and environmental studies. Consequently, the project utilizes different tools to address its research questions.

      Shortly before publication by Penerbilt University Sains Malaysia, a hacker has destroyed this paper on the computer of Professor Christian P. Scherrer, the editor of a series of volumes of reasearch contributions to the International Comparative Genocide Research project under his direction at the Hiroshima City University: ALARM: Professor Scherrer’s data and email hacked. Persons with hearing problems typically wait many years from the time hearing difficulties are noticed until an appointment is made for an audiologic assessment. Some hard-of-hearing persons never seek help. Many who finally seek and could benefit from rehabilitative help delay taking further action after their hearing is tested. These facts suggest the need for more research into the nature Cited by: 3.


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Monitoring inter-group encounters in wilderness by Alan E. Watson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Monitoring inter-group encounters in wilderness. [Alan E Watson; Rich Cronn; Neal A Christensen; United States. Department of Agriculture.; Rocky Mountain Research Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)] -- Many managers face the challenge of monitoring rates of visitor encounters in wilderness.

This study (1) provides estimates of encounter rates through use of several. Get this from a library. Monitoring inter-group encounters in wilderness. [Alan E Watson; Rich Cronn; Neal A Christensen; Rocky Mountain Research Station (Fort Collins, Colo.)].

thesis examines the reliability of computer simulation estimates of wilderness solitude indicators that account for the timing and location of hiking and camping encounters in the backcountry of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. This study was designed to model visitor use.

Rocky Mountain Research Station (Fort Collins, Colo.): Monitoring inter-group encounters in wilderness / ([Fort Collins, CO]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, []), also by Alan E.

Watson, Neal A. Christensen, and Rich Cronn (page images at HathiTrust). Among those feeling that they had had a wilderness experience, 44% said the lack of encounters contributed to this sense, while 52% of those who did not have a wilderness experience cited crowding.

encounters with other visitors have typicall y been assumed to Monitoring inter-group encounters in wilderness book a negative influence on wilderness exper iences, but at Gates of the Arctic ‘ ‘out-group interact ion’ ’ was found to. Many public land management agencies are committed to understanding and protecting recreation visitor experiences.

Parks Canada is deeply committed to that objective for visitors to Canada’s National Parks. This study, informed by a qualitative study of visitor experiences and influences on those experiences at Auyuittuq National Park in Nunavut, worked to bring 50 potential Cited by: Author by: Alan E.

Watson Language: en Publisher by: Format Available: PDF, ePub, Mobi Total Read: 73 Total Download: File Size: 51,9 Mb Description: Many managers face the challenge of monitoring rates of visitor encounters in study (1) provides estimates of encounter rates through use of several monitoring methods, (2) determines the relationship between the.

Cessford, G.R. Perception and Reality of Conflict: Walkers and Mountain Bikes on the Queen Charlotte Track in New Zealand. Extracted from Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas. Proceedings of the Conference held at Bodenkultur University Vienna, Austria, January Febru Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online.

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